Research & Resources

When researching on the topic of digital device use and kids/ adults, please keep in mind to source independent, non-industry funded sources. Digital, gaming and social media companies are 'giants' and therefore very well funded with the ability to formulate their own research for industry purpose. Research sourced here, is from non industry, clinical, scientific and medical sources

Jean Twenge, author of iGen, and Nir Eyal, author of Hooked: How to Build Habit-Forming Products discuss how technology might impact children's mental health at the Johnson Depression Center at the University of Colorado.
https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2017/09/has-the-smartphone-destroyed-a-generation/534198/
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T6IBlFELDxc
https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2017/09/has-the-smartphone-destroyed-a-generation/534198/

SCREEN TIME AND KIDS MENTAL HEALTH
Jean Twenge stats
https://time.com/5437607/smartphones-teens-mental-health/
 https://www.nytimes.com/2023/05/19/podcasts/transcript-ezra-klein-interviews-jean-twenge.html https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7hKezlCgxB0 https://time.com/5437607/smartphones-teens-mental-health/

Dr Nicholas Kardaras
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jcsSlR1bc6k

CHILDHOOD 2.0
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ucrDBe8v1q4

Screen Time Effects On Children By Pediatrician
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zugBuwgLgcc
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27630121/

ADDICTION
https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/basics/video-game-addiction
https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/freedom-learn/201803/sense-and-nonsense-about-video-game-addiction
https://newsnetwork.mayoclinic.org/discussion/mayo-clinic-q-and-a-gaming-disorder-what-is-it-and-when-should-you-be-concerned-about-your-child/

NARCISSISM
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0747563216304782

SUICIDE
https://www.childtrends.org/high-school-aged-youth-considering-and-committing-suicide-among-female-students
https://publications.aap.org/pediatrics/article-abstract/138/6/e20161878/52639/National-Trends-in-the-Prevalence-and-Treatment-of?redirectedFrom=fulltext

It found that youth who spent the most time on their digital technology were statistically more likely to exhibit higher levels of internalizing problems two years later. Internalizing problems include depression, anxiety, social anxiety, somatic complaints, and other concerns.
https://medicine.yale.edu/news-article/yale-study-probes-connection-between-excessive-screen-media-activity-and-mental-health-problems-in-youth/#:~:text=It%20found%20that%20youth%20who,somatic%20complaints%2C%20and%20other%20concerns.
 



Dr. David R. Rosenberg - Brain scans of a gamer
  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7wpF8Yooe4o ( jump back in at 7:30 min to see brain scan transformed) Dr David Rosenberg saying gaming can be changing brain activity- memory, attention and decision making, executive functioning impaired. After 3 weeks changing activities brain lights back up again.

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kkJOadg31rw

83,000 SCANS
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=esPRsT-lmw8




https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=keoRX-Lni5s

TEDX TALK - What I learned when I gave up my cell phone
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4w8vZ2NiCTY




https://connectsafely.org/
https://www.missingkids.org/netsmartz/resources

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/mental-wealth/201612/autism-and-screen-time-special-brains-special-risks

MEMORY
Dr. Nicole Beurkens -Is Screen time affecting your kids memory
 https://www.qustodio.com/en/blog/screen-time-memory/
“The Web provides a convenient and compelling supplement to personal memory, but when we start using the Web as a substitute for personal memory, bypassing the inner processes of consolidation, we risk emptying our minds of their riches.” ― Nicholas Carr, The Shallows: What the Internet is Doing to Our Brains

GREY MATTER OF THE BRAIN SHRINKING  
DR Victoria Dunkley
"excessive screen-time appears to impair brain structure and function. Much of the damage occurs in the brain’s frontal lobe, which undergoes massive changes from puberty until the mid-twenties"  
https://www.psychologytoday.com/au/blog/mental-wealth/201402/gray-matters-too-much-screen-time-damages-the-brain

SCREENS AND EYES https://kidshealth.org/en/teens/eyes.html#:~:text=When%20focused%20light%20is%20projected,interprets%20them%20as%20visual%20images.
https://www.susquehannahealth.org/in-the-community/blog/is-screen-time-really-bad-for-our-eyes#:~:text=Retinal%20damage%20%E2%80%93%20Digital%20devices%20release,lead%20to%20loss%20of%20eyesight.

Retinal damage  Digital devices release blue light, which can reach the inner lining of the back of your eye (retina). Studies show that blue light can damage light-sensitive cells in the retina. This can lead to early age-related macular degeneration, which can lead to loss of eyesight. According to the American Optometric Association, children are more likely than adults to experience when exposed to this high-energy light.

SLEEP https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30639033/,

TICS/ TOURETTE SYNDROME - https://www.ninds.nih.gov/Disorders/Patient-Caregiver-Education/Fact-Sheets/Tourette-Syndrome-Fact-Sheet

PUBERTY BRAIN CHANGES
Lisa Damour (clinical psychologist)
https://www.stitcher.com/show/the-ezra-klein-show-2/episode/the-teen-mental-health-crisis-part-2-303592382

IQ STATS
https://www.nbcnews.com/think/opinion/iq-rates-are-dropping-many-developed-countries-doesn-t-bode-ncna1008576





HAPPINESS AND SCREENS
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/01/180122091249.htm
Why our screens make us less happy | Adam Alter https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0K5OO2ybueM&t=441s

SMART PHONES ARE MAKING KIDS UNHAPPY https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2017/08/07/542016165/how-smartphones-are-making-kids-unhappy



https://health.clevelandclinic.org/screen-time-and-adhd
https://www.webmd.com/add-adhd/childhood-adhd/childhood-adhd-screen-time
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC10214027/
https://www.psy-ed.com/wpblog/child-misdiagnosed-with-adhd/




https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qyMqljINR74


PEPPER PIG
The nightmare videos of children's' YouTube James Bridle https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v9EKV2nSU8w&t=14s

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0adeZP6aDQw

EMPATHY is the ability to feel what the other person is feeling, not to be mistaken with sympathy. One crucial way empathy is developed is by being around the person physically. We unconsciously mimic other people by seeing them, and moving like them to feel what they are feeling. When kids are not around other kids they are not developing empathy. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3021497/

EMPATHY- "damage to the insula, which is involved in our capacity to develop empathy and compassion for others and our ability to integrate physical signals with emotion" https://www.psychologytoday.com/au/blog/mental-wealth/201402/gray-matters-too-much-screen-time-damages-the-brain

CYBER BULLYING
https://dataprot.net/statistics/cyberbullying-statistics/

DOCO- THE HIDDEN DANGERS OF SOCIAL MEDIA
Likes, selfies and self-promotion - The hidden dangers of social media | DW Documentary


STEVE JOBS/ SILICON VALLEY/ BILL GATES MICROSOFT DON'T GIVE THEIR KIDS SCREENS
https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/billgates-and-steve-jobs-raised-their-kids-techfree-and-it-shouldve-been-a-red-flaga8017136.html

World health organisation (WHO)
 https://www.who.int/news-room/detail/24-04-2019-to-grow-up-healthy-children-need-to-sit-less-and-play-more

WHO- Gaming Disorder- https://www.who.int/features/qa/gaming-disorder/en/
The tips above were written from two AAP policies, "Media Use in School-Aged Children and Adolescents" and "Media and Young Minds," and the technical report entitled "Children and Adolescents and Digital Media," which were published in the November 2016 edition of Pediatrics. They were also drawn from the proceedings of the AAP Sponsored Growing Up Digital: Media Research Symposium, a gathering of media experts, researchers and pediatricians held in 2015 to address new developments in research and media and their impact on children.

ReachOut Australia _ https://au.reachout.com/tough-times/addiction
LifeLine Australia- https://www.lifeline.org.au/
Headspace- https://headspace.org.au/
 Suicide Call Back Service 1300 659 467.
KidsHelpline  1800 55 1800

SUICIDE THREATS
https://raisingchildren.net.au/teens/mental-health-physical-health/mental-health-disorders-concerns/suicidal-thoughts#signs-that-teenagers-might-be-at-risk-of-a-suicide-attempt-nav-title
https://www.aacap.org/AACAP/Families_and_Youth/Facts_for_Families/FFF-Guide/Childrens-Threats-When-Are-They-Serious-065.aspx
https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/tween-and-teen-health/in-depth/teen-suicide/art-20044308
https://psychcentral.com/blog/dont-call-me-crazy/2016/04/how-to-handle-a-teens-dramatic-or-manipulative-suicide-threat#2

 Jaron Lanier
https://www.ted.com/talks/jaron_lanier_how_we_need_to_remake_the_internet

In the early days of digital culture, Jaron Lanier helped craft a vision for the internet as public commons where humanity could share its knowledge -- but even then, this vision was haunted by the dark side of how it could turn out: with personal devices that control our lives, monitor our data and feed us stimuli. (Sound familiar?) In this visionary talk, Lanier reflects on a "globally tragic, astoundingly ridiculous mistake" companies like Google and Facebook made at the foundation of digital culture -- and how we can undo it. "We cannot have a society in which, if two people wish to communicate, the only way that can happen is if it's financed by a third person who wishes to manipulate them," he says.

 SWEDEN
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2023/sep/11/sweden-says-back-to-basics-schooling-works-on-paper