Research 

When researching on the topic of digital device use and kids/ adults, please keep in mind to source independent, non-industry funded sources. Digital, gaming and social media companies are 'giants' and therefore very well funded with the ability to formulate their own research for industry purpose. Research sourced here, is from non industry, clinical, scientific and medical sources

JEAN TWENGE,- Here are 13 Other Explanations for the Adolescent Mental Health Crisis. None of Them Work.https://www.afterbabel.com/p/13-explanations-mental-health-crisis

https://jeanmtwenge.substack.com/p/is-economic-deprivation-the-real

JONATHAN HAIDT - https://www.afterbabel.com/p/social-media-mental-illness-epidemic

https://www.afterbabel.com/p/why-some-researchers-think-im-wrong

JONATHAN HAIDT - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yVq4ARIlNVg SMARTPHONES




https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TEZHSxq3Nw0 jonathan haidt with UK SMARTPHONE FREE CHILDHOOD FOUNDERS

 JOIN THE AUSTRALIA SMARTPHONE FREE CHILDHOOD GROUP HERE https://linktr.ee/AUSSIEsmartphonefreechildhood

 UK FOUNDERS & RESOURCES https://smartphonefreechildhood.co.uk/resources


Australian suicide rates in youth
 https://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-11-30/system-for-suicide-prevention-rates-highest-10-years/8076780

Self Harm
https://www.afterbabel.com/p/international-mental-illness-part-one

MENTAL HEALTH AND YOUNG AUSTRALIANS 2022 REPORT https://www.aihw.gov.au/getmedia/ba6da461-a046-44ac-9a7f-29d08a2bea9f/aihw-aus-240_chapter_8.pdf.aspx

JONATHAN HAIDT- The Coddling of the Australian Mind? Because of the ubiquity and power of confirmation biases and motivated reasoning, we particularly welcome input from critics who can find evidence that the trends are NOT coming to Australia.- JOIN THE CONVERSATION- https://docs.google.com/document/d/19maacSq_DYIaQ-IccCS3psBAvCy24GNt709Tl_L5AhM/edit

HILDA REPORT https://melbourneinstitute.unimelb.edu.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0008/4841909/HILDA_Statistical_Report_2023.pdf

Kids Who Get Smartphones Earlier Become Adults With Worse Mental Health JON HAIDT AND ZACH RAUSCH. https://www.afterbabel.com/p/sapien-smartphone-report

Sapien Labs is a non-profit research foundation. https://sapienlabs.org/

SELF HARM- SUICIDE AUSTRALIAN STATS https://docs.google.com/document/d/19maacSq_DYIaQ-IccCS3psBAvCy24GNt709Tl_L5AhM/edit



Jean Twenge, author of iGen, and Nir Eyal, author of Hooked: How to Build Habit-Forming Products discuss how technology might impact children's mental health at the Johnson Depression Center at the University of Colorado.
https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2017/09/has-the-smartphone-destroyed-a-generation/534198/
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T6IBlFELDxc
https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2017/09/has-the-smartphone-destroyed-a-generation/534198/

SCREEN TIME AND KIDS MENTAL HEALTH
Jean Twenge stats
https://time.com/5437607/smartphones-teens-mental-health/
 https://www.nytimes.com/2023/05/19/podcasts/transcript-ezra-klein-interviews-jean-twenge.html https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7hKezlCgxB0 https://time.com/5437607/smartphones-teens-mental-health/

Dr Nicholas Kardaras
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jcsSlR1bc6k

CHILDHOOD 2.0
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ucrDBe8v1q4

Screen Time Effects On Children By Pediatrician
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zugBuwgLgcc
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27630121/

ADDICTION
https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/basics/video-game-addiction
https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/freedom-learn/201803/sense-and-nonsense-about-video-game-addiction
https://newsnetwork.mayoclinic.org/discussion/mayo-clinic-q-and-a-gaming-disorder-what-is-it-and-when-should-you-be-concerned-about-your-child/

NARCISSISM
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0747563216304782

SUICIDE
https://www.childtrends.org/high-school-aged-youth-considering-and-committing-suicide-among-female-students
https://publications.aap.org/pediatrics/article-abstract/138/6/e20161878/52639/National-Trends-in-the-Prevalence-and-Treatment-of?redirectedFrom=fulltext

It found that youth who spent the most time on their digital technology were statistically more likely to exhibit higher levels of internalizing problems two years later. Internalizing problems include depression, anxiety, social anxiety, somatic complaints, and other concerns.
https://medicine.yale.edu/news-article/yale-study-probes-connection-between-excessive-screen-media-activity-and-mental-health-problems-in-youth/#:~:text=It%20found%20that%20youth%20who,somatic%20complaints%2C%20and%20other%20concerns.
 

Dr. David R. Rosenberg - Brain scans of a gamer
  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7wpF8Yooe4o ( jump back in at 7:30 min to see brain scan transformed) Dr David Rosenberg saying gaming can be changing brain activity- memory, attention and decision making, executive functioning impaired. After 3 weeks changing activities brain lights back up again.

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kkJOadg31rw

83,000 SCANS
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=esPRsT-lmw8

 https://www.afterbabel.com/p/do-the-kids-think-theyre-alright

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=keoRX-Lni5s

TEDX TALK - What I learned when I gave up my cell phone
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4w8vZ2NiCTY

https://www.afterbabel.com/p/algorithms-hijacked-my-generation/comment/43426420

WHY I STOPPED BEING A BULLY https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y87mqqREMbk

TEENS TALKING ABOUT THEPRO'S & CON'S TO SOCIAL MEDIA https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jRkuf3usljM

KIDS SPEAKING OUT ABOUT HOW SOCIAL MEDIA EFFECTS THEM https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=soHn6t_jjIw

GEN Z SPEAKING UP https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c9mvcfVfbio

HOW WE BECAME THE LONELIEST GENERATION https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I19btmIBhx0

https://connectsafely.org/
https://www.missingkids.org/netsmartz/resources
https://raisingchildren.net.au/teens/entertainment-technology/cyberbullying-online-safety/internet-safety-teens

HOW GROOMING WORKS https://kidshelpline.com.au/teens/issues/what-online-grooming
eSAFETY AUSTRALIA KEEPING KIDS SAFE ONLINE & REPORTING https://www.esafety.gov.au/?gad_source=1&gclid=CjwKCAjwuJ2xBhA3EiwAMVjkVFfJO-rEoBe7JEO30fK0QRnZeZidDU-_KqjEwEQERiwrt5FjOruCVRoCL4gQAvD_BwE

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/mental-wealth/201612/autism-and-screen-time-special-brains-special-risks

MEMORY
Dr. Nicole Beurkens -Is Screen time affecting your kids memory
 https://www.qustodio.com/en/blog/screen-time-memory/
“The Web provides a convenient and compelling supplement to personal memory, but when we start using the Web as a substitute for personal memory, bypassing the inner processes of consolidation, we risk emptying our minds of their riches.” ― Nicholas Carr, The Shallows: What the Internet is Doing to Our Brains

GREY MATTER OF THE BRAIN SHRINKING  
DR Victoria Dunkley
"excessive screen-time appears to impair brain structure and function. Much of the damage occurs in the brain’s frontal lobe, which undergoes massive changes from puberty until the mid-twenties"  
https://www.psychologytoday.com/au/blog/mental-wealth/201402/gray-matters-too-much-screen-time-damages-the-brain

SCREENS AND EYES https://kidshealth.org/en/teens/eyes.html#:~:text=When%20focused%20light%20is%20projected,interprets%20them%20as%20visual%20images.
https://www.susquehannahealth.org/in-the-community/blog/is-screen-time-really-bad-for-our-eyes#:~:text=Retinal%20damage%20%E2%80%93%20Digital%20devices%20release,lead%20to%20loss%20of%20eyesight.

Retinal damage  Digital devices release blue light, which can reach the inner lining of the back of your eye (retina). Studies show that blue light can damage light-sensitive cells in the retina. This can lead to early age-related macular degeneration, which can lead to loss of eyesight. According to the American Optometric Association, children are more likely than adults to experience when exposed to this high-energy light.

SLEEP https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30639033/,

TICS/ TOURETTE SYNDROME - https://www.ninds.nih.gov/Disorders/Patient-Caregiver-Education/Fact-Sheets/Tourette-Syndrome-Fact-Sheet

PUBERTY BRAIN CHANGES
Lisa Damour (clinical psychologist)
https://www.stitcher.com/show/the-ezra-klein-show-2/episode/the-teen-mental-health-crisis-part-2-303592382

IQ STATS
https://www.nbcnews.com/think/opinion/iq-rates-are-dropping-many-developed-countries-doesn-t-bode-ncna1008576

HAPPINESS AND SCREENS
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/01/180122091249.htm
Why our screens make us less happy | Adam Alter https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0K5OO2ybueM&t=441s

SMART PHONES ARE MAKING KIDS UNHAPPY https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2017/08/07/542016165/how-smartphones-are-making-kids-unhappy

WORLDWIDE INCREASE IN CHILDHOOD LONELINESS
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140197121000853



https://health.clevelandclinic.org/screen-time-and-adhd
https://www.webmd.com/add-adhd/childhood-adhd/childhood-adhd-screen-time
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC10214027/
https://www.psy-ed.com/wpblog/child-misdiagnosed-with-adhd/




https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qyMqljINR74


PEPPER PIG
The nightmare videos of children's' YouTube James Bridle https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v9EKV2nSU8w&t=14s


Australian Youth Law around sexual images

https://youthlaw.asn.au/learn-about-the-law/sexting/#:~:text=However%2C%20under%20federal%20child%20abuse,themselves%2C%20by%20phone%20or%20online.

THE EFFECTS OF PORN ON YOUTH https://aifs.gov.au/research/research-snapshots/effects-pornography-children-and-young-people

ABOUT PORN FOR PARENTS & CAREGIVERS https://www.sass.org.au/resources/pornography-for-parents-and-carers

SEXTING https://kidshelpline.com.au/teens/issues/sexting


EMPATHY is the ability to feel what the other person is feeling and respond. It is not to be mistaken with sympathy. One crucial way empathy is developed is by being around the person physically. We unconsciously mimic other people by seeing them, and moving like them to feel what they are feeling. When kids are not around other kids they are not developing empathy. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3021497/

EMPATHY- "damage to the insula, which is involved in our capacity to develop empathy and compassion for others and our ability to integrate physical signals with emotion" https://www.psychologytoday.com/au/blog/mental-wealth/201402/gray-matters-too-much-screen-time-damages-the-brain

CYBER BULLYING
https://dataprot.net/statistics/cyberbullying-statistics/
https://gitnux.org/cyberbullying-suicidal-deaths-statistics/

DOCO- THE HIDDEN DANGERS OF SOCIAL MEDIA
Likes, selfies and self-promotion - The hidden dangers of social media | DW Documentary

Social Media is a Major Cause of the Mental Illness Epidemic in Teen Girls. Here’s the Evidence. JONATHAN HAIDT - https://www.afterbabel.com/p/social-media-mental-illness-epidemic

PHONES
https://sapienlabs.org/wp-content/uploads/2023/05/Sapien-Labs-Age-of-First-Smartphone-and-Mental-Wellbeing-Outcomes.pdf#


CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT & PHONES https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-022-29296-3


Jonathan Haidt The Anxious Generation How the Great Rewiring of Childhood Is Causing an Epidemic of Mental Illness

https://abc-downloads.audiobooks.com/additional/9781802066180.pdf?Expires=1713748263&KeyName=abc-ardioberks-key&Signature=yUpyUu9elIlZbD5MYAafpQXAUVg=

https://jonathanhaidt.com/reviews


Social Media is a Major Cause of the Mental Illness Epidemic in Teen Girls. Here’s the Evidence.https://www.afterbabel.com/p/social-media-mental-illness-epidemic

TEEN SUICIDE https://www.afterbabel.com/p/anglo-teen-suicide

World health organisation (WHO)
 https://www.who.int/news-room/detail/24-04-2019-to-grow-up-healthy-children-need-to-sit-less-and-play-more

WHO- Gaming Disorder- https://www.who.int/features/qa/gaming-disorder/en/
The tips above were written from two AAP policies, "Media Use in School-Aged Children and Adolescents" and "Media and Young Minds," and the technical report entitled "Children and Adolescents and Digital Media," which were published in the November 2016 edition of Pediatrics. They were also drawn from the proceedings of the AAP Sponsored Growing Up Digital: Media Research Symposium, a gathering of media experts, researchers and pediatricians held in 2015 to address new developments in research and media and their impact on children.

ReachOut Australia _ https://au.reachout.com/tough-times/addiction
LifeLine Australia- https://www.lifeline.org.au/
Headspace- https://headspace.org.au/
 Suicide Call Back Service 1300 659 467.
KidsHelpline  1800 55 1800

HOW TO PARENTKIDS WITH ANXIETY https://www.beyondblue.org.au/mental-health/parenting

KIDS HELPLINE FOR CYBER BULLYING https://kidshelpline.com.au/teens/issues/cyberbullying

SUICIDE THREATS
https://raisingchildren.net.au/teens/mental-health-physical-health/mental-health-disorders-concerns/suicidal-thoughts#signs-that-teenagers-might-be-at-risk-of-a-suicide-attempt-nav-title
https://www.aacap.org/AACAP/Families_and_Youth/Facts_for_Families/FFF-Guide/Childrens-Threats-When-Are-They-Serious-065.aspx
https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/tween-and-teen-health/in-depth/teen-suicide/art-20044308
https://psychcentral.com/blog/dont-call-me-crazy/2016/04/how-to-handle-a-teens-dramatic-or-manipulative-suicide-threat#2

THE FLINSTONES https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NAExoSozc2c
JOE CAMEL CARTOON ADVERTISING TO KIDS https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5lpaQvVYic0
https://www.lung.org/research/sotc/by-the-numbers/10-bad-things-to-entice-kids

FACEBOOK -TIKTOK-SNAPCHAT- META- GOOGLE The lawsuits claim the social media companies use algorithms to hook adolescents and young adults, causing them to suffer anxiety, depression, eating disorders and sleeplessness.
https://www.scmp.com/tech/big-tech/article/3261264/tiktok-argues-how-bytedance-protects-children-douyin-irrelevant-youth-addiction-lawsuits-us

 New York sues TikTok, Instagram and YouTube over ‘addictive’ platforms for children https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2024/feb/15/new-york-city-sues-social-media-addiction-kids-tiktok-instagram

https://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/instagram-is-being-sued-for-using-addictive-features-linked-to-depression-anxiety-in-kids/bnhxerj8n

STEVE JOBS/ SILICON VALLEY/ BILL GATES MICROSOFT DON'T GIVE THEIR KIDS SCREENS https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/billgates-and-steve-jobs-raised-their-kids-techfree-and-it-shouldve-been-a-red-flaga8017136.html




ADVOCACY

https://www.eff.org/wp/privacy-first-better-way-address-online-harms

https://www.change.org/p/ban-smartphones-for-children?recruiter=1325305390&recruited_by_id=258caed0-a962-11ee-9af1-5fb6fe6ad317&utm_source=share_petition&utm_campaign=share_petition&utm_medium=copylink&utm_content=cl_sharecopy_37814019_en-GB%3Acv_748721

https://www.humanetech.com/ TIME WELL SPENT - TRISTAN HARRIS- FORMER GOOGLE EMPLOYEE

 Jaron Lanier
https://www.ted.com/talks/jaron_lanier_how_we_need_to_remake_the_internet

In the early days of digital culture, Jaron Lanier helped craft a vision for the internet as public commons where humanity could share its knowledge -- but even then, this vision was haunted by the dark side of how it could turn out: with personal devices that control our lives, monitor our data and feed us stimuli. (Sound familiar?) In this visionary talk, Lanier reflects on a "globally tragic, astoundingly ridiculous mistake" companies like Google and Facebook made at the foundation of digital culture -- and how we can undo it. "We cannot have a society in which, if two people wish to communicate, the only way that can happen is if it's financed by a third person who wishes to manipulate them," he says.

ADVOCACY

https://www.eff.org/wp/privacy-first-better-way-address-online-harms

https://www.change.org/p/ban-smartphones-for-children?recruiter=1325305390&recruited_by_id=258caed0-a962-11ee-9af1-5fb6fe6ad317&utm_source=share_petition&utm_campaign=share_petition&utm_medium=copylink&utm_content=cl_sharecopy_37814019_en-GB%3Acv_748721

https://www.humanetech.com/ TIME WELL SPENT - TRISTAN HARRIS- FORMER GOOGLE EMPLOYEE

 SWEDEN
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2023/sep/11/sweden-says-back-to-basics-schooling-works-on-paper

The Anxious Generation- Jonathan Haidt- What schools can do now
https://docs.google.com/document/d/1Wop03yNpeXR2ek1Ic36VYHrIEHmNFCl53wCa3m9Yqks/edit

https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2023/06/ban-smartphones-phone-free-schools-social-media/674304/

WHAT MAKES YOU CLICK The biggest psychological experiment ever is being conducted, and we’re all taking part in it: every day, a billion people are tested online.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=69JXP4tnBMo

THE SOCIAL DILEMA https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uaaC57tcci0

CHILDHOOD 2.0 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=He3IJJhFy-I

Teens, Social Media, and Technology  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JqamKb7gTWY

SOCIAL MEDIA AND DEMOCRACY https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kc_Jq42Og7Q
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mTcXEh8Q5TY